After a Doctorate in chemistry, Tony joined the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (now Defra) as an administrator and worked closely with Ministers, Parliament and the EU and many international organisations on a wide range of policy issues. These included conservation, finance, science strategy, farming, education, fisheries, livestock and health. There was a five year secondment to the FCO at the British Embassy in Washington, as well as a period in running Ministerial Private Offices. On retirement from Defra and the Senior Civil Service, Tony acted as a consultant to Defra on some science and OECD matters. Since 2004, Tony has been Secretary to the Gas and Electricity Markets Authority (Ofgem) and Adviser to its Chairman, The Lord Mogg, KCMG – employed in the role as one of Beta’s consultants. Tony became Beta’s first Non-Executive Director in (2006) and maintains a strong interest in governance, and energy and science issues and their links to business development.